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Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD)

Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is a condition that affects the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which connects the jawbone to the skull. TMD is a very common condition that affects people of all ages and genders. 

TMD can be the result of trauma, chronic teeth clenching or grinding, neck and face tension from stress, and poor posture. TMD can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain, clicking or popping sounds in the jaw, difficulty opening or closing the mouth, and headaches. Physical therapy can be an effective treatment for TMD. Physical therapists use a variety of techniques to help reduce pain, improve range of motion, and strengthen the muscles around the TMJ. 

Physical therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment option for TMD. Benefits include:

  • Reduced pain and inflammation
  • Improved jaw function
  • Increased range of motion
  • Reduced headaches and neck pain
  • Improved sleep quality

As movement experts, physical therapists can assess a patient’s condition and develop a personalized treatment plan to address their specific needs.

Physical Therapy Treatments for TMD

Treatment options include:

  • Manual therapy to improve joint mobility and reduce pain
  • Dry needling to release tight muscles and trigger points
  • Modalities such as heat, cold, and electrical stimulation to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Exercises to strengthen the muscles that support the jaw joint and improve posture

Physical therapy allows identification and treatment of the underlying reason for TMD. Whether it be posture-related or due to dysfunction in the neck, jaw, or upper back.

If you are experiencing symptoms of TMD, talk to your doctor or dentist about seeing a PT. Physical therapy for TMD is covered by most medical insurances. Physical therapy can help you get back to living a pain-free life.

TMD Locations