Pelvic Pain – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Chronic pelvic pain is one of many common pelvic floor disorders affecting people of all ages. Usually pain is considered “chronic” when it lasts longer than 6 months, and “pelvic” pain refers to the area below the belly button. Pain symptoms can be felt internally or externally and can be described as burning, sharp, achy, stabbing or cramping. The pain can happen anytime, including during intercourse, bowel movements, or when you urinate.

Pelvic Pain in Both Women and Men

Pelvic pain can be caused by a number of conditions affecting the organs, tissues, or structures below the belly button. That would include structures like the uterus, the bladder, the small bowel, the rectum, the vagina, or the penis and testicles. Some of the common causes for chronic pelvic pain include endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic floor trauma (including childbirth), aging, and sports injuries (even in childhood).

Diagnosing Chronic Pelvic Pain

Your doctor will start with a complete history and pelvic exam. Imaging studies, muscle tests, nerve tests, or blood and urine tests could follow, depending on what they see on examination.

Treatment for Chronic Pelvic Pain

There are a wide range of treatments available for chronic pelvic pain. Some of the more conservative approaches include behavioral modification and physical therapy. Other options could include topical, injectable, and oral medications. The most advanced treatments include surgery. You and your doctor should discuss the options that are appropriate for you, based on your unique medical history and what their examination and testing has revealed. The good news is that you don't have to suffer from pelvic pain - treatment is available!

Chronic Pelvic Pain Specialists

Christopher M. Criscuolo, MD

Pain Medicine

Michael Patrick Feloney, MD, FACS


Sarah Fosheim, DPT, MS, CCES, CMTPT

Physical Therapy

Jasmine Garth, DPT, PT, OCS, Cert. DN

Physical Therapy

Peggy H. Jones, MD, FACOG

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Jimmy P. Khandalavala, MD, FACOG

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Rihab Sayed, PT, DPT

Physical Therapy

Sami K. Zeineddine, MD, FACOG

Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Robot-assisted Surgery