Plastic Surgery - CHI Health, Nebraska (NE) - Southwest Iowa (IA)

What is plastic surgery?

It is a popular misconception that the word plastic in plastic surgery means artificial. Rather, the word is derived from the ancient Greek word plastikos, which means to mold or give form. Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involved with the reconstruction of facial and body tissue defects due to illness, trauma, or birth disorders. Plastic surgery restores and improves function, as well as appearance. It can involve surgery on any part of the anatomy, except the central nervous system, including, but not limited to, the following:
  • Skin (including skin cancer, scars, burns, birthmarks, and tattoo removal)
  • Maxillofacial (the facial skeleton)
  • Congenital anomalies (including deformed ears, cleft palate, and cleft lip)

Doctors who perform plastic surgery

It is important for patients to select doctors who are certified in plastic surgery by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Generally, a surgeon who is board-certified in plastic surgery has graduated from an accredited medical school and has completed at least five years of graduate medical education--usually three years of general surgery and two years of plastic surgery. In addition, the surgeon must practice plastic surgery for two years and pass comprehensive written and oral examinations to become board-certified.

What does plastic surgery include?

Plastic surgery includes both reconstructive and aesthetic (cosmetic) procedures: Reconstructive plastic surgery. In general, reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body that may be caused by the following:
  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Developmental abnormalities
  • Congenital (present at birth) anomalies
  • Disease
  • Tumors

This type of surgery is usually performed to improve function, but may also be performed to approximate a normal appearance. Cosmetic (aesthetic) plastic surgery.

Cosmetic and reconstructive surgery

Cosmetic surgery is performed to repair or reshape otherwise normal structures of the body, generally, to improve appearance.

Cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery procedures performed at CHI Health


  • Breast Augmentation (enlargement)
  • Breast - Microvascular breast reconstruction (DIEP flap)
  • Breast Reconstruction - prosthetic based reconstruction (tissue expanders/implants)
  • Latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction with implant
  • Mammaplasty (Breast Reduction)
  • Mastopexy (Breast Lift)
  • Gynecomastia (Male Breast Reduction)

Skin Cancer

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma
  • Melanoma
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma Scar Revision
  • Contractures (Burns or other injuries resulting in the loss of large areas of skin)
  • Facial Scars
  • Keloid and Hypertrophic scars
  • Skin cancer/Mohs reconstruction

Body Sculpting

  • Body lifts
  • Collagen and fat injections
  • Lip augmentation and liposuction
  • Tummy tuck
  • Body contouring after massive weight loss

Hand Surgery

  • Repair or reconstruct by removing tissue from inflamed joints, repositioning tendons, or implanting artificial joints.
  • Carpal tunnel
  • Dupuytren's Contracture (disorder of the skin and underlying tissue on the palm side of the hand)
  • Fractured bones
  • Injuries to tendons, nerves, blood vessels and joints
  • Ganglion Cysts
  • Polydactyly (extra fingers)
  • Reconstruct missing digits
  • Syndactyly (webbed fingers)
  • Flexor/Extensor tendon repair


  • Facial aesthetics (blepharoplasty), brow lift, rhinoptasty, face lift
  • Facial fractures
  • Mandible fractures
  • Facial injections (Botox), Restylane, Sculptra
  • Facial reconstruction
  • Lip augmentation

CHI Health Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgery Resources