How to stop the progression from pre-diabetes to diabetes
Screening for pre-diabetes is very important in high-risk people. Overweight and obese people, as well as those with a family history of diabetes are considered high risk. Diabetes affects 26 million people and nearly 27% of these diabetics go undiagnosed. Diabetes is marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. It can lead to serious complications, but taking steps to control the disease can lower the risk of complications. To help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes—and in some cases even return blood glucose levels to normal—adjust your lifestyle by changing the "big 3":
The only way to tell if you have diabetes is to get tested. Talk with your health care provider. If you don’t already have a provider, find one here.
- Consider what you put in your body—adopt a healthy diet. Cut back on calories and fat and eat high fiber foods.
- Stay physically active. Incorporate 150 minutes per week of exercise. This can be as easy as briskly walking for 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Pre-diabetics who lose 5-7% of their weight (by eating healthy and staying active) decrease their risk of progressing to full-on diabetes by 60%. This compares to only 30% with medications.