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Diabetes - what to ask your doctor - type 2
Type 2 diabetes is a (lifelong) disease that causes a high level of sugar (glucose) in your blood. It can damage your organs. It can also lead to a heart attack or stroke and cause many other health problems. You can do many things to control your symptoms, prevent damage due to diabetes, and make your life better.
Below are questions you may want to ask your health care provider to help you take care of your diabetes.
What to ask your doctor about diabetes - type 2
Ask your provider to check the nerves, skin, and pulses in your feet. Also ask these questions:
- How often should I check my feet? What should I do when I check them? What problems should I call my provider about?
- Who should trim my toenails? Is it ok if I trim them?
- How should I take care of my feet every day? What type of shoes and socks should I wear?
- Should I see a foot doctor (podiatrist)?
Ask your provider about getting exercise:
- Before I start, do I need to have my heart checked? My eyes? My feet?
- What type of exercise program should I do? What type of activities should I avoid?
- When should I check my blood sugar when I exercise? What should I bring with me when I exercise? Should I eat before or during exercise? Do I need to adjust my medicines when I exercise?
When should I next have an eye doctor check my eyes? What eye problems should I call my doctor about?
Ask your provider about your diabetes medicines:
- When should I take them?
- What should I do if I miss a dose?
- Are there any side effects?
How often should I check my blood sugar level at home? Should I do it at different times of the day? What is too low? What is too high? What should I do if my blood sugar is too low or too high?
Should I get a medical alert bracelet or necklace? Should I have glucagon at home?
Ask your provider about symptoms that you are having if they have not been discussed. Tell your provider about blurred vision, skin changes, sexual dysfunction, muscle pain, or nausea.
Ask your provider about other tests you may need, such as cholesterol, A1C, and a urine test to check for kidney problems.
Ask your provider about vaccinations you should have like the flu shot, hepatitis B, or pneumonia vaccines.
How should I take care of my diabetes when I travel?
Ask your provider how you should take care of your diabetes when you are sick:
- What should I eat or drink?
- How should I take my diabetes medicines?
- How often should I check my blood sugar?
- When should I call the provider?
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes -- 2014. Diabetes Care. 2014;37 Suppl 1:S14-S80. PMID 24357209 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24357209.
Buse JB, Polonsky KS, Burant CF. Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011: chap 31.
Reviewed By: Brent Wisse, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Nutrition, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.